MLA Full Form – Useful & Important Information about MLA in 2021

Check Full Form of MLA Meaning and Definition, Tenure, Roles & Responsibilities of MLA

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MLA Full Form

MLA stands for Member of the Legislative Assembly, MLA is a member of the State Indian government’s legislature appointed by the citizens of a district, and the voters nominate MLA.

A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative elected to the legislature of the State government by the voters of an electoral district (constituency) in the Indian system of government. Each constituency elects one representative, who becomes a member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) after the election.Listen

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The below article has all the essential and detailed information regarding the MLA full form, Meaning, Definition,  MLA Eligibility, Pay scales, Tenure, Roles & Responsibilities, and frequently asked questions related to the MLA full form.

MLA Full Form Overview

Before discussing, let us have an overview of the MLA full form.

Short Form MLA
Definition Member of the Legislative Assembly
Type Abbreviation
Category Political, Governmental
Country / Region India

More Information about MLA

full-form-of-mla

In states with two legislatures, there is a State Legislative Council and a State Legislative Assembly. In this situation, the Legislative Council is the state legislature’s upper body, while the Legislative Assembly is the lower house. The Governor may not be a member of the Legislature or Parliament, occupy any profit-making post, or be entitled to emoluments or allowances.

The Legislative Assembly is made up of a maximum of 500 and a minimum of 60 members. The legislature of Uttar Pradesh, the largest state, has 404 members. States with small populations and populations have a provision for having even fewer members of the Legislative Assembly. Puducherry is a 33-member state. Each of Mizoram and Goa has a population of only 40 persons. In Sikkim, there are 32.

Legislative Assembly Formation:

States with two chambers have a State Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) and a State Legislative Assembly, according to Ref. Art. 79 of the Indian Constitution (Vidhan Sabha). The Legislative Council is the name given to the upper house. The Legislative Assembly is the name given to the lowest house of the state legislature. The State’s Legislative Assembly must pass a resolution with a special majority to create or dissolve the Legislative Council, which must be followed by an Act of Parliament (cf. Art. 169).

Criteria for Member of the Legislative Assembly

The criteria for becoming a member of the Legislative Assembly are as follows:

  • The applicant must be a citizen of India.
  • A member of the Legislative Assembly must be at least 25 years old.
  • He must be a resident of one of the State’s electoral districts and a registered voter.
  • The individual must not be mentally unwell or otherwise abnormal.
  • The candidate is not facing any criminal accusations at this time.
  • He or she may not have any profit-making employment in the Indian or state governments other than as a Minister for the Indian Union.
  • A representative is elected by the constituents of a district. The legislative assembly is made up of those people’s representatives.

MLA Post’s Tenure:

For a five-year tenure, members of the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies are directly elected by the public. Art. 83. The Legislative Assembly’s tenure can be extended for up to 6 months at a time in an emergency. On the other hand, the Governor has the right to dissolve it sooner. Despite the fact that it was suggested by the CM. A new election will be held, if the Lok Sabha is dissolved before the conclusion of the time period (no party forms a government with majority support).

Roles & Responsibilities of MLAs

Legislative Role: In the sectors covered by the Union List and Concurrent List, the Lok Sabha enacts “Laws.” It also introduces and passes monetary and non-monetary bills. Legislative obligations of MLAs can be employed on the State List as well as the Concurrent List (Ref. 328. Art.)

The following topics are covered by the state list.

  • Agriculture
  • Land
  • Liquor
  • Local Government
  • Livestock and Animal Husbandry
  • Police
  • Prison
  • Public Health
  • Trade and Commerce o
  • State Public Services

The following topics are covered in the concurrent list.

  • Adulteration
  • Adoption and Succession
  • Education
  • Forests
  • Trade Unions
  • Transfer of the Property other than Agricultural land

Executive Roles of MLA’s:

Members of the Legislative Assembly in each state have some executive power. Article 257(1) states that the executive power of each state shall be exercised in a way that does not obstruct or prejudice the Union’s executive power. The Union’s executive power extends to issuing such orders to states as the Government of India deems essential only for that purpose.

The Legislative Assembly must be informed of the ruling government’s choices and actions. Only state legislators have the authority to pass a vote of no confidence, which, if passed by a majority, causes the ruling government to resign. To restrain the executive branch of the state government machinery, the MLA employed Cut and Adjournment Motions, as well as Question Hour.

Electoral Roles and Responsibilities: 

MLAs’ Electoral Roles and Responsibilities: MLAs have the following electoral powers:

  • The President of India is chosen by the Electoral College, which is made up of elected members of the Legislative Assembly (Ref. Art. 54).
  • Members of the Rajya Sabha who represent a certain state are elected by MLAs (cf. Art. 80).
  • Refer to Art. 93 and 94 to elect the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly.
  • Members of the Legislative Assembly elect one-third of the members of the Legislative Council in each state.
  • MLAs appoint the members of several House Committees.

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Total Number of Assembly seats in India (State & Union Territory)

State / Union Territory Assembly Seats
Andhra Pradesh 175
Arunachal Pradesh 60
Assam 126
Bihar 243
Chhattisgarh 90
Goa 40
Gujarat 182
Haryana 90
Himachal Pradesh 68
Jharkhand 81
Karnataka 224
Kerala 140
Madhya Pradesh 230
Maharashtra 288
Manipur 60
Meghalaya 60
Mizoram 40
Nagaland 60
Odisha 147
Punjab 117
Rajasthan 200
Sikkim 32
Tamil Nadu 234
Telangana 119
Tripura 60
Uttar Pradesh 403
Uttarakhand 70
West Bengal 294
Delhi 70
Jammu and Kashmir 90
Puducherry 30
Total 4123

Member of the Legislative Assembly

A lawmaker elected to a legislative assembly by the voters of a constituency is known as a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). In most circumstances, the term refers to a subnational assembly, such as a country’s state, province, or territory, but it can also refer to a national legislative body in other cases.

Australia Members of the Legislative Assembly in the states of New South Wales and Queensland are referred to as MPs rather than MLAs. MLAs represent Western Australia, the Northern Territory, the Australian Capital Territory, and Norfolk Island in the Legislative Assemblies. On the other hand, the suffix MP is widely used.

Members of the Houses of Assembly in both South Australia and Tasmania are known as MHAs. Members in Victoria can use the abbreviation MP or MLA. In the federal parliament, members of the House of Representatives are referred to as MPs rather than MHRs.

Brazil Members of Brazil’s 26 legislative assemblies (Portuguese: assembléias legislativas) are known as deputados estaduais (English: state deputies). Unlike the federal legislature, which is bicameral, Brazilian state legislatures are unicameral.

The Legislative Chamber (Portuguese: Câmara Legislativa) is the Federal District’s legislative assembly, consisting of deputados distritais (English: district deputies). Members of the Lower House are also known as deputies, although in Portuguese they are known as deputados federais (English: federal deputies).

Canada The Legislative Assembly must be informed of the ruling government’s choices and actions. Only state legislators have the authority to pass a vote of no confidence, which, if passed by a majority, causes the ruling government to resign. To restrain the executive branch of the state government machinery, the MLA employed Cut and Adjournment Motions, as well as Question Hour.

Members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs) have been referred to as such in Ontario since 1938. (before then both MPP and MLA were used) Members of the National Assembly (MNAs) in Quebec and Members of the House of Assembly in Newfoundland and Labrador have been referred to as such since 1968. (MHAs). Despite the fact that Nova Scotia has a House of Assembly, the term MLA is commonly used.

Falkland Islands Members of the Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands use the suffix MLA. The Legislative Council of the Falkland Islands (which had existed since the 1840s) was replaced in 2009 by the new Legislative Assembly. As a result, members of the Legislative Assembly are still referred to as Councillors.
Hong Kong Legco Councillors are members of Hong Kong’s Legislative Council who are elected by the people.
Malaysia During state elections, members of the state legislative assembly are elected from single-member constituencies using the first-past-the-post method. The majority party in each assembly forms the state government, and the majority party’s leader becomes the state’s chief minister. State legislative assemblies are unicameral, unlike Malaysia’s bicameral Parliament.

The hereditary rulers or governors have the ability to dissolve their respective state legislative assemblies at the request of the chief minister. After the board has been disbanded, elections must be held within a sixty-day interim period. State elections are normally held concurrently with federal legislative elections, with the exception of Sarawak and Sabah until 2004.

Northern Ireland Members of the Northern Ireland Assembly, Northern Ireland’s devolved legislature, are known as MLAs (Members of the Legislative Assembly). The Assembly was suspended on October 14, 2002, but members of the public who had been elected to it in the 2003 Assembly Election were summoned on May 15, 2006, under the Northern Ireland Act 2006, to elect a First Minister and Deputy First Minister, as well as members of an Executive (before November 25, 2006), as a prelude to the reinstatement of Northern Ireland’s devolved government. A fresh election was held on March 7, 2007, and the Assembly’s powers were restored in May 2007.
South Korea A member of any of the provincial legislative assembly is referred to as an MLA in English.
United States A member of the legislative body of any of the country’s 50 states is referred to as a state lawmaker in the United States of America. The formal name of the legislature varies per state. In 24 states, the legislature is known as the State Legislature, while in 19 states, it is known as the General Assembly.

In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, the legislature is known as the General Court, while in North Dakota and Oregon, it is known as the Legislative Assembly. The Associated Press suggests referring to state legislators as state representatives or state senators to avoid confusion with their federal colleagues.

Wales MSs, or Members of the Senedd, or Aelodau o’r Senedd, are members of Wales’ devolved Assembly (ASau).

Check MLA Full Form in Other Languages

MLA Full Form in HINDI
MLA Full Form – MLA का मतलब विधानसभा के सदस्य है। विधान सभा का एक सदस्य (एमएलए) भारतीय सरकार की प्रणाली में एक चुनावी जिले (निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) के मतदाताओं द्वारा राज्य सरकार की विधायिका के लिए चुना गया एक प्रतिनिधि है। प्रत्येक निर्वाचन क्षेत्र एक प्रतिनिधि का चुनाव करता है, जो चुनाव के बाद विधान सभा (एमएलए) का सदस्य बन जाता है।
MLA Full Form in JAPANESE
MLA Full Form – MLAは、アセンブリのメンバーを意味します。立法議会(MLA)のメンバーは、選挙区(選挙区)の有権者によって、インド政府システムにおける州政府の立法府に選出された代表者です。各選挙区は代表者を選出し、代表者は選挙後に立法議会(MLA)のメンバーになります。
MLA Full Form in KOREAN
MLA Full Form – MLA는 의회의 구성원을 의미합니다. 주의회 의원(MLA)은 인도 정부 시스템에서 주 정부 입법부에 대한 선거구(선거구)의 유권자에 의해 선출된 대표입니다. 각 선거구는 선거 후 입법부(MLA)의 의원이 되는 대표를 선출합니다.
MLA Full Form in MONGOLIAN
MLA Full Form – MLA гэдэг нь чуулганы гишүүн гэсэн үг юм. Хууль тогтоох ассамблейн гишүүн бол Энэтхэгийн засаглалын тогтолцоонд мужийн засгийн газрын хууль тогтоох байгууллагад сонгуулийн тойрог (тойрог) сонгогчдоос сонгогдсон төлөөлөгч юм. Тойрог бүр өөрийн төлөөлөгчийг сонгодог бөгөөд сонгуулийн дараа Хууль тогтоох ассамблейн гишүүн болно.

Some Other Terms, Definitions, and MLA Full Forms

Below mentioned is the list of some other important and useful MLA full forms that are essential to know.

MLA full form

Medical Laboratory Assistants– MLAs work in hospitals, private laboratories, and clinics as lab technologists and technicians. They’re in charge of lab testing and specimen processing.

MLA full form

Mandated Lead Arranger– An entry contains the terms and conditions of the syndicated loan. The title of the entry is Mandated, Lead Arranger. The main goal of the Mandated Lead Arranger is to organize the loan so that it appears appealing to the lender. MLA acts as a go-between for lenders and borrowers.

MLA full form

Modern Language Association– In the humanities, the Modern Language Association (MLA) style is the most commonly used format for literary analysis and academic articles.

MLA full form

Manufacturing License Agreement– The Licensor offers a licence of Intellectual Property Rights (patents, trademarks, utility models, industrial designs, and know-how) to the Licensee in order for the Licensee to manufacture and sell the items in a designated territory, usually a country.

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FAQs Related to MLA Full Form

What is the MLA Full Form?

The MLA full form is a Member of the Legislative Assembly. After the election, each constituency elects one representative, who then becomes a member of the Legislative Assembly.

What do MLC and MLA stand for in full?

Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) and the Member of Legislative Council (MLCs) are listed on each website.

Is it possible for a person to serve as both an MLA and a Member of Parliament?

No one can be a member of both Parliament and the State Legislature, also known as the MLA. He has the option of resigning from one or both seats if he is elected to both. Article 101(2) of the Indian Constitution states this.

What Functions Does the Legislative Assembly Serve?

The Legislative Assembly is in charge of debating the government’s financial requests. The Legislative Assembly must be presented with any law that provides cash for costs, such as the Annual State Budget or enactments imposing additional taxes or demands.

What is the size of the State Administrative Gathering?

The Indian Constitution limits its population to no more than 500 people and no less than 60. However, in some cases, such as in Goa, Sikkim, and Mizoram, an Act of Parliament allows the State Legislative Assembly to be smaller than 60 members.

What is the Tenure of MLA?

The tenure of Member of the Legislative assembly (MLA) is 5 Years in India.

What is the full form of MLA and who elects him?

A Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) is a representative elected to the legislature of the State government by the voters of an electoral district (constituency) in the Indian system of government. Each constituency elects one representative, who becomes a member of the Legislative Assembly after the election (MLA).
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